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Simple BFO Metal Detector on the Scoop [Project]
posted September 17 2014 17:41.58 by Giorgos Lazaridis

This project is a remake of this older article. BFO stands for Beat Frequency Oscillator. The theory of operation is well described in the site:

 BFO ( beat frequency oscillator ) metal detectors use two oscillators, each of which produces a radio frequency. One of these oscillators uses a coil of wire that we call the search loop. The second oscillator uses a much smaller coil of wire, and is usually inside the control box and is called the reference oscillator. By adjusting the oscillators so their frequencies are very nearly the same, the difference between them is made audible as a beat note, this beat note changes slightly when the search loop is moved over or near to a piece of metal. It has been found in practice best to make the search oscillator fixed say at 100khz and to arrange for the reference oscillator to be adjustable 100khz plus or minus 250hz. This gives a beat note of 250hz to 0 to 250hz. The beat note disappears or nulls when the two oscillators are about equal. This type of detector is most sensitive when the beat note is close to zero, about 5hz ( motor boating ) any slight change being noticeable.

You can see in this video how well this simple project works:

Many people have duplicated this circuit since it is easy and cool! Try it yourselves.

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